The Inca Trail treks to Machu Picchu are beautiful trekking route rightfully called a paradise on earth. The enigmatic region boasts its diverse ethnicity, rich culture and awe-inspiring natural beauty. With a wide variety of flora and fauna, The Inca Trail treks hold some of the rarest species like the Andean Condo and spectacled bear. The Inca Trail is truly a god’s playground with stunning landscapes, majestic mountains and mysterious Inca settlements
Important Trip Notes & Activities
If you book one of our Inca Trail Treks, Pleased acknowledge that you are joining us for the adventure trip in remote Machu Picchu region, where weather conditions, health and fitness of the member or unexpected natural disaster can compel us to change the itinerary and if so you have to understand it but we would try our best to keep the suggested itinerary as per the original schedule.
Your safety and satisfaction of the trip is our prime concern while travelling with us and we ensure you our best team, logistics, professional services to make sure that you would have an amazing trip of lifetime with us. Also note that our trip leader deserved the final decision if the trip has to amend, change the route or cancel due to the extreme conditions for the safety precaution. However, he will try his best to ensure that the trip runs as according to the stated plan but be prepared for flexibility if necessary.
Experience and fitness required.
The Inca Trail Treks are not a difficult. No previous trekking experienced is required but if you have, it is a great plus point. This trek is a non-technical walk. The highest height you would reach on this trip is 4,200m from sea level. The walk involves a lots of ups and downs, takes you through local villages, farming lands, Inca terraces, Inca archaeological sites and river side but as long as you have strength of walking for 6 to 8 hours a day, you are qualified for the trek however you should be having a moderate health and fitness.
We strongly suggest travelers to consult with your medical doctor before travelling and do the regular checkup of your health and report us while booking a trip with “Sunrise Peru Trek”.
A part of the health and fitness, participant must be having a positive attitude and strong determination for the successful trip.
The minimum group size would be two and maximum group size is ten or more on request. We can also organize private trip to solo person with single supplement cost. Else, join our estimated group departure dates available online or ask us with your personal dates, we will open group date on the same date.
Our Guides, trip and safety
Because these hikes take you on the remote Machu Picchu region, it is very important that you are accompanied with the very experienced and qualified & equipped leader for the safe and successful Trek. We at “Sunrise Peru Trek” employee the local trek guide and stuff who are trained and qualified on the trip we worked on. Our guides are trained and licensed from Peruvian government, certify from Cusco University and the Official Tour Guides Association. All of our leading Trekking Guides are experience from last 10 to 15 years. We have train them specially for your trip, to cater the flexible needs of our peoples in the group joining from different countries, this double assure you that your trip is at the right and professional hands.
At every trip, there would be our one Trek leader and one assistance leader on each additional 2 peoples on the trek- this arrangement would ensure that even if any of our guide/ assistance guides get sick or if any travelers gets sick and need to be back or delay the days of walking, it would still works smoothly and there would not be any impact on our original trek plan. Also each two trekker would have one porter helper for carrying your trekking bags.
Meals and Accommodations
While in Cusco and Aguas Calientes town, your accommodation is at standard 3-stars hotels and while in trek, your accommodation is at camping tents, they are clean and comfortable. Our entire accommodation is at twin share unless stated but single supplement accommodation is also available on personal request at the additional cost of US$40.
In city of Cusco and the town of Aguas Calientes, only breakfast is included on the offered trip itinerary but while in trek full board of meals is included (Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner, and Tea- Coffee).
Our porter are fully equipped and insured for each trip they are undertaking with us. As you know that we are very sincere with the porter issues and their situation while on trek thus we make sure that our porter are fully prepared for the trip. We are closely working with International Porter Progress Association for the welfare and befit for the touristic porters.
The maximum load carried by our porter is 20KG maximum so be sure that your trekking bag so not load more than 7 KG.
Communication facilities on this Trek
These days, there are enough communication facilities on this trek, most of the local villages has local telephone booth phone thus if required, you can easily communicate with your friends and family however the cost is slightly expensive, 2 to 3 dlr per minute. Nowadays, during the clear days, reception of Peruvian cell phones is on throughout the trail, your guide will have Cell phone on the trip.
Book The Inca Trail Treks to Machu Picchu
Once you would choose which trip you would like to book with us, write us with the information or phone us on our phone number for the trip booking confirmation. We have online trip booking option, you may go on that link, choose your trip and date and follow the instruction with information required and summit us.
Once your trip booking request would be received, we would suggest you the final trip booking procedure with advance payment of the trip. Non-refundable deposit of 40% (per person) is required to confirm a place on your selected adventure. Please do not hesitate to contact us in relation to any questions you may have regarding our trip booking Process.
Tipping is an expected and highly appreciated component of your Inca Trail Treks. Although it may not be customary for you; it is of considerable significance to the people who will take care of you during your trek; as an important source of income for those in the tourism industry. It is one of the most direct ways that you can have a positive economic impact within the communities that you visit.
At “Sunrise Peru Trek”; we recommend you contact your family physician; or your local travel clinic for the most up-to-date health information at least one month before departure.
Please ensure you have all the inoculations recommended by your doctor for travel in Peru. Be aware that Peru has regions where malaria is present, including the ones visited. We thus recommend that you take malaria medication; your doctor should be able to recommend the necessary prophylactics. Travellers should also carry a basic travel first-aid kit as medical facilities are basic throughout these countries. An important item to include is a liquid or gel hand sanitizer and/or alcoholic/sanitary wipes; as they will aid in personal cleanliness and hygiene throughout the trip.
SAND FLIES AND MOSQUITOS
Are found in the areas visited. Mosquitos are more prevalent in areas that receive more rainfall, and sand flies, though generally found on the coast, can also be found in dry & dusty conditions inland. Both tend to come out in the early evening and early mornings. Protective clothing, and insect repellent are highly recommended during these times.
Even when days are cool please be sure to drink a minimum of two litres of water; and refrain from drinking to many diuretics; as while when travelling outdoors the breeze can dehydrate you quickly as well as the heat.
It is normal for people travelling overseas to get an upset stomach due to a change of climate and food. Please make sure that you wash your hands and stay away from street food.
Although the tre is not a technical mountain trekking; it is a moderate challenge and the rigors of altitude should not be underestimated. Remember that the pass is 1,200m higher Cusco; and 2,200m higher than Machu Picchu. The pace of your ascent coupled with good acclimatization will help you on the trek; but it is essential to be mentally and physically prepared before you start. Regular hikes are one of the best ways to prepare; increasing frequency and length, as you get closer to the trek.
All aerobic exercises such as cycling, running, swimming and funnily enough aerobics are good for strengthening the cardiovascular system. Generally, any exercise that increases the heart rate for 20 minutes is helpful.
Should you encounter any difficulties meeting your transfer from the airport to the starting hotel, depending on which country you are in you can contact a SUNRISE PERU TREK representative on the following:
While we hope you never have to use it; if for any reason you need to contact someone from SUNRISE PERU TREK; whether it be that you have missed a trip departure meeting; have become separated from your trip on the road or any other unforeseeable problem. The following options are available to you.
Cusco Office Your best recourse to assistance during the day is to call our team between 8am-9pm Monday to Friday and 9.30am-4pm. Telf: +51 84 237404
Emergency Contact If you need to contact SUNRISE PERU TREK outside of the above hours the following number is available: Mobile: +(51) 984 734633
Please remember if it is a genuine emergency, we of course want you to call us; however, if it can wait until the next day, we ask that you call during our office hours. Thank you.
You can either book by emailing us or by using the Booking form provided on this site.
Send us your main Departure date and back up date: By providing us with a main date and a backup date for your Inca Trail Trek you automatically approve “Sunrise Peru Trek” to use either of these dates for your reservation. “Sunrise Peru Trek” within the next 48 hours (after you have sent us your booking form and confirm deposit was made) will send you an electronic receipt confirming your Inca Trail Trek has been officially booked and also to confirm the exact departure date of your trek.
Very important from your side: Send us your Personal Details for Reservation: Your passport number and other information must be valid. Please advise if you change your passport number after the reservation of the Inca Trail Trek (if we do not make a change in your official details, you may not be permitted to do the trek).
Please Note we are able to change passports numbers easily on our receipt but it’s also extremely important that we make the changes with the Inca Trail authorities.
Payment of deposit:
We request a US$200 non-refundable deposit per person along with personal details of each member participating in the trek:
Please confirm if you want to climb Waynapicchu (the 45 minutes climb near Machu Picchu site) or Machu Picchu as they need to be booked well in advance too.
Payment of the deposit can be made through any of the 2 following options:
About the Briefing
The night before your trek there will be a pre-trek talk (briefing) in your Hotel our in our office at either 4:00pm or 5:00pm (exact time will be confirmed on your arrival or by email). Your duffle bag (if requires) will be provided at this time if you have paid for an extra porter for your Inca Trail or if you are doing an alternative trek.
The Local Payment (Final Balance)
We require you to pay your final balance in cash (Soles or USA dollars) in our office at least 48 hours prior to tour/trek departure (please advise if you have any delays on arrival).
The deposit sent for is Non-Refundable nor transferable to any other date, person or tour (According to Inca Trail and Machu Picchu Regulations).
“Sunrise Peru Trek” must be notified of any changes or cancellations to your Inca Trail Trek as soon as you are aware of them, via e-mail or fax so that we do not incur expenses not covered by deposit.
Once final balance has been paid, we will not be able to refund your trek payment in the case of cancellations. There will, however, be parts of your Inca Trail Trek that you are able to use (Machu Picchu entrance fee, 1 train ticket and bus tickets).
A claim letter for your insurance company can also be provided by us upon request.
How to Book the 2Day, 4 Day, 5 Day or 7 Day Inca Trail to Machu Picchu!
For all trekkers the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is a dream to do it. This 45km/26 mile trail that leads to one of the 7 World Wonders is one of the most popular hikes in the world. The hike is remarkable, no matter which route you take. Each day you will pass some of the most beautiful scenery on the planet and roam around amazing ruins.
But hiking this route involves a lot of planning and prepping. In order to enter this historic route, you must have a GOVERNMENT ISSUED PERMITS obtained by a licensed Inca Trail Tour Operator – like SUNRISE PERU TREK. The government will only release 500 permits to start the Inca Trail each day and EVERYONE needs a permit – even our crew – so tickets sell fast. It is imperative to book these treks 5-6 months in advance.
The Inca ruins of Phuyupatamarka is located at 3,600masl the name means town over the cloud; this name was given by the American explorer Mr. Hiram Bingam. This name fits, because at night clouds tend to settle around this ridge. At Phuyupatamarka, there are many agricultural terraces here, possibly enough to have made the site self-sufficient. Once again we find ritual baths here-a fine principal bath at the outskirts of the ruins beside the road leading into the complex, and a chain of five almost identical baths descending in a line along the pathway below. These have recently been cleared and restored to working order.
At the top of the site stands a large platform of bedrock which has been leveled off by hand-an amazing feat when we consider the tools the Incas had to work with. The base of a fine double jamb entranceway can be seen here, and this was evidently the beginning of a structure that was destined to be the most important in the complex. But we can see that it was never completed, because there is no sign of the heaps of cut stones that we would inevitably find had there been finished walls which later collapsed.
Above the ruins stands a ledge littered with rocks that may have served as a quarry. There you can see a block of stone about three meters long, with three deep grooves cut into it, suggesting that someone was in the process of carving this stone into four separate blocks. The cliff edge was once crowned with a long wall at this point-the bedding-cuts in the rock can be seen clearly.
Each of the small groups of buildings in the ruins features a semi circular or semi-ovoid structure, resembling a low, single-store tower. Some of them have sinuous, irregular shapes that seem molded to follow the outlines of the rock on which they are built, and all of them look outwards over the immense Urubamba gorge. These miniature towers are a unique feature of Phuyupatamarka.
The Inca ruin of Sayacmarka is located at 3,600masl; Sayacmarca was discovered by the American explorer Mr. Hiram Bingham in 1915. He called it” Cedrobamba”, meaning “Plain of Cedars.” But since it is not a plain, nor are there any cedars. The archaeologist Paul Fejos, visited the area in 1940, gave it a new Quechua name (Sayacmarka) meaning Dominant or inaccessible Town. This magnificent Inca complex is built at the end of an abrupt promontory commanding a sweeping view of the “Aobamba” valley, with the snowcapped Pumasillo in the distance.
The layout of the settlement is mazelike and tightly organized, almost cramped. There must have been some special motive or mindset behind the choosing of this site, because there is a small plateau nearby to the northwest known as Ch’akicocha (Dry Lake), which, from our perspective, would seem a much better location for a town. It has a more accessible water supply, and far more space for building. But it does not overlook its surroundings in the same way as the site that was chosen. This was surely the overriding factor for the Incas – Sayacmarka was not, in military terms, a defensible site: its water supply was easy to cut off, and it could be bombarded with missiles from the nearby mountain slope. What it does have, in common with all other sites along the Inca trail, is a commanding view of the landscape.
A line of observation platforms ran between here and Machu Picchu, and it seems likely that the Incas used a signaling system to send information – warning of the approach of important people, for example – up and down this line. Sayacmarka may also have served as a center from which to control travel and cargo along the two main highways visible from this point (the second of these being the trail that led down the valley directly south of Sayacmarka, to the Aobamba valley.
These are the utilitarian reasons for the location of Sayacmarka. But the deeper motives were metaphysical, and are harder to explain. The truth is that there was no real economic or strategic rationale for building Machu Picchu or the Inca Trail and its sites. The land is so rugged and steep it is hardly worth farming, and there were no significant mineral deposits. The quality and type of construction cannot be accounted for by a military threat, and in fact the settlements were so remote that they made no economic sense at all. If they had, they would never have been abandoned.
Machu Picchu and the Inca trail make no sense to our rational minds, but our hearts can readily understand. The Incas worshipped the natural world – particularly the snowcapped mountains which are visible from all the major sites – and tried to communicate with its spirits. They were willing to make an enormous investment in the contemplation of natural beauty. The man who had all this built was a warrior and imperial conqueror; this was his other face, the hidden aspect of Pachacuteq.
The Inca Ruins of Runkuraqhay is located 200 meters about the valley of “Pacaymayu”, at an altitude of 3,800masl. The American explorer Mr. Hiram Bingham got the name Runkuraqhay from his local native porters. Victor Angles has suggested that, since the word “Runku” doesn’t exist in (Cusco) Quechua, Bingham must have misheard them, and the name should be Runturacay, meaning “egg shaped building.”
The circular shape of the main structure at Runkuraqhay is unusual for a large Inca construction .The two concentric walls of the enclosure form two long, curved chambers and four small ones, all giving onto a central courtyard. The outer walls are massive and solid, and have no windows, but the eastern quarter of the courtyard is open, giving a magnificent view over the Pacamayu valley. The site might have served as a lookout point (most of the sites in this region command the landscape visually for kilometers in every direction), and also as a “Tambo” a place where travelers lodged, animals were corralled and cargoes were relayed.
The weather in Runkuraqhay is normally cold doe to its location; the environment is of straw which the Incas use to cover its houses.
The Inca ruins of Patallacta Is the first site that you’ll see on the classic Inca Trail; it’s located at 2,650masl which you’ll see after of 3 hours walk from the km 82; the tail is relatively easy.
The Inca ruins of Patallaqta (up Town) stand on the mountainside high above immense banks of agricultural terraces, on the west bank of the “Cusichaca” river. This well preserved and major Inca ruin was not part of the string of elite ceremonial centers that you will see later on-yet it was vital to their existence, because it produced the food on which they depended. Combined with Q’ente, further downstream, and other side higher up the Cusichaca valley, this area produced three or four times more food than it consumed. Unlike Machu Picchu and the other Inca Trail sites, this one was settled by earlier cultures before the Incas arrived, with human occupation beginning at least 2,000 years ago, through to the present day.
Patallaqta was not a high-prestige settlement. A visit to the ruins provides a contrast to some of the sites you will see later on. The residential compounds are built with uncut field stone, in a strictly repetitive architectural style, characteristic of the type of site where transient “mit ‘a” labor contingents were housed. But the solid stonework, the attention to urban planning, and above all the quality and beautifully contoured style of the terracing betrays the hand of first rate royal architects and engineers, most likely those of Pachacuteq’s panaca.
Below the ruins, near the banks of the “Cusichaca” river here stands a small site called “Pulpituyoq” (Pulpit-having-a hybrid Spanish Quechua word). This curved building, constructed around a huge rock, was Patallaqta’s waca or religious place where the Incas performed ceremonies for their gods.
The Inca ruins of Chachabamba is located in the km 104 on the way to Machu Picchu, Chachabamba is set at elevation of 2,150masl; it’s a Quechua word which means valley of trees; the name is not original Inca name. The Name probably was given for the type of geography since the environment is fully vegetated.
Chachabamba contains of two types of architecture: the Inca imperial structures, and domestic types. For the type of architecture, structures and distribution probably it was a religious center where the Incas performed ceremonies dedicated to the Mother Nature spatially to the mountains. In the middle of the construction there is a very nice square that at the east site one can appreciate a very nice altar carved on natural rock. Few meters from here there are several ceremonial water baths. Probably the place where the Inca pilgrims take purification shower in order to clean the soul before arriving to Machu Picchu.
The zone of Chachabamba is a very fertile valley, a great place to grow tropical and sub-tropical food and plants, spatially sweet potato, yucca, and medicinal plants.
At Chachabamba there is a control point for the trekkers; here you have shown the permits and the entrance to the national park of Machu Picchu. Here begins the short Inca Trail or the 2-day trekking to Machu Picchu.
The weather is normally warm and tropical duo to the location; it’s surrounded by pristine forest. Here is where the Amazon Jungle starts.
The Inca ruins of Wiñay Wayna lie about five-minute walk off the trail around the hillside to the right (south) from the visitor center. The site is named after an orchid genus (here, Epidendrum crassilabium and E. secundum) with red, violet or yellow flowers that was once abundant in this area, and is still to be seen. The plant blooms year- round, hence the Quechua name, which means “Forever Young.”
The ruins here were discovered in 1941 by Paul Fejos, during the last days of the Viking Fund expedition. He had time only for rudimentary survey and clearing work. The Peruvian archaeologist Julio C. Tello conducted further investigations in 1942. The ruins are built on the steepest of mountain slopes, flanked by ancient farming terraces. Due east from here, the land plunges into the Urubamba gorge and then soars upward to the shining glaciers of Wakay Willka (La Verónica 5,750masl); you pass from the ridiculous to the sublime, encountering one of those sudden, sensational first views that the Incas seemed to delight in creating. A magnificent sweep of curved terracing leads the eye down to a cluster of steep-roofed buildings perched at the end of a steep spur, while in the background a high waterfall sprays down the mountainside through dense cloud forest vegetation.
The trail leads into the complex along a broad terrace with a long, curved wall to one’s right, which ends at a huge doorway. This leads in to a large rounded structure that commands the site in much the same way as the similar structure at “Sayacmarca” does, and the unfinished enclosure at “Phuyupatamarca” would have. Below the building a straight flight of stairs takes you down past a unique set of ten ritual baths. Historical data confirm that ritual bathing or cleansing was an important feature of Inca religious observance. The element of water itself was also worshipped. Ritual baths are a feature of every major Inca site, but they are particularly numerous on the Inca Trail sites. This is another factor among many which support the view that the Machu Picchu/ Inca Trail network held a special spiritual significance for the Incas. Another factor affecting the choice of location for this site, is that it looks directly across the Urubamba towards the glaciers of Wakay Willka (la Verónica), thus linking Wiñay Wayna to that mountain as a place of worship.
If you follow the steps downhill past these waterworks you reach the dwelling area. Here there is a small square overlooked by two open-fronted buildings, which might have been a communal area where the social and economic transactions of the community took place. At the lower extreme of the dwelling area you emerge onto a tiny, startling platform (carefully) poised over two hundred meters of nothing – a vertical farewell to earth. To your right a small waterfall sprays down the cliff face.
The short Inca Trail from Chachabamba at Km. 104 crosses the opposite side of this ravine, passes the waterfall, then enters the terraces of Wiñay Wayna.